Stem cell therapy defined

A stem cell dictionary

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Health care is full of words and phrases that are unfamiliar to most people. We created this dictionary to help you understand the meaning of common stem cell therapy terms that may be uncommon to you.

Adipose stem cells

Adipose stem cells aren’t fat cells but they’re found in fatty tissue. These cells are blank, meaning they can become a variety of other cell types such as bone, cartilage, muscle and fat cells. Adipose stem cells are easily accessed in a nearly painless outpatient procedure. When reintroduced to your body, the cells can promote healing, reduce pain and inflammation.

Adult stem cell

A fundamental cell that’s found throughout your body. The two main functions of adult stem cells are to replenish dying cells and to regenerate damaged tissue. Adipose stem cell and bone marrow stem cell are the two most common types of stem cell treatments.

Amniotic, placental or umbilical stem cells

These cells are found in amniotic fluid, placental tissue or the umbilical cord of a newborn. Manufacturers freeze dry or treat the cells with gamma radiation. These cells aren’t your own and the cells aren’t alive. KRMC does not use amniotic, placental or umbilical stem cells.


This term refers to your own, as in your own stem cells.

Bone marrow

Stem cells found in bone marrow, or the center of the bone, can also promote healing, reduce pain and inflammation. However, there are fewer stem cells in bone marrow than in adipose tissue. KRMC does not obtain stem cells from bone marrow because it requires multiple visits and involves a painful collection process.

Embryonic stem cell

This cell is derived from an embryo and has the ability to divide and create an identical copy. Embryonic cells can also split to form cells that make up every type of tissue and organ in the body. This cell is associated with ethical considerations and limitations. KRMC does not use embryonic stem cells.

Mesenchymal stem cell

These cells originate in connective tissue such as bone marrow or fat. They can become a variety of different cells including bone, cartilage, fat and muscle cells.

Regenerative medicine

Regenerative medicine refers to the process of replacing or regenerating human cells, tissues or organs, in order to restore or establish their normal function.

Stem cells

Your body creates stem cells to replace dying cells or heal damaged tissue. Kansas Regenerative Medicine Center collects stem cells stored in the adipose tissue – or fatty deposits – around your waist. We process the cells and inject them into parts of your body in order to speed healing and spur the growth of new healthy cells.

Stromal Vascular Fraction

SVF has regenerative properties and is rich in mesenchymal stem cells. It’s obtained from the liposuction of adipose tissue. KRMC uses special measures to deploy your own stem cells and transport SVF to target parts of your body.


This term refers to blank cells that can be reintroduced into parts of your body in order to regenerate healthy cells and speed the body’s healing process.

Have you seen other stem cell therapy words and phrases that are new to you? Let us know. We’ll add them to our dictionary. It’s important to us that all our patients feel informed about KRMC and stem cell therapy treatment.

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Our research-based treatments use your own stem cells to accelerate your healing — without surgery.

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Use Your Own Cells to Treat Arthritis, Joint Injuries & Spine Pain 

A stem cell discussion followed by Q & A.


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